Pogoni is found in the north-western department of the prefecture of Ioannina, in the border with Albania. In its north-eastern area are found the villages of Konitsa, Zagori in the east, Ano Kalamas in south-east and the prefecture of Thesprotia in the South. From the 32 settlements of Pogoni, 28 are mountainous and the semi-mountainous. Three big natural units shape the geographic area of Pogoni, Gormos in the north, Gyftopotamos and river Drinos in the west. High and steep mountains encompass Pogoni; Nemertsika (ht. 2207 m.) in the north, Kasidiaris (ht. 1329 m.) in the East, Tsamanta mountains in the south and Makrykampos (ht. 1672 m.) in the west. The rivers of Pogoni are numerous and considerable. Drinos in the west, springs from the region of Dolos, passes westwards from Delvinaki and leads to the Albanian territory. Gormos, in the east, springs from Oraiokastro and is poured in Kalamas river in the height of lake Zarabinas. Gyftopotamos collects rain and source waters of Lakka Mouchtari and Ktismata and vanishes in Drino river. Geologically, the region belongs to the Ionian area having as sovereign rocks the limestone and flysch. The region’s climate is middle European type. In lower altitudes a continental climatic type prevails that is characterized by relatively hot summers with enough rains and cold winters. In higher altitudes the mountainous climatic type prevails that is characterized by cool summers, while the winters are harsh with abundant rains and a lot of snowfalls. Insouthernregionstheclimateissofter.

Natural Environment

The landscape of Pogoni impresses with great clarity and attributes with a particular aesthetics, the form of ground, the climate and the types of vegetation. Dominant types of vegetation in Pogoni are the oaks, oaks broadleaved (Quercus conferta), oaks straightleaved (Quercus cerris), oaks (Quercus pubescens) and Macedonian oaks (Quercus Macedonica). There are also met ostryas (Ostrya carpinifolia), Eastern gavros (Carpinus orientalis), cedar (Jupinerus communis), fraxos (Fraxinus ornus), prinos (Quercus coccifera), arbutus (Arburus unedo), dogwood (Cornus mas) while in the riparian forests the plane tree (Platanus orientalis) and willow (Salix alba) dominate. The flora of the area has not been thoroughly studied. A variety of orchids’ species, Ophrys laxifloria, Dactyloriza saccifera and Dactyloriza sambucina, yellow iris (Iris ochroleuca), lithra (Lythrum salicaria), viola (Viola), bellflower (Campanula) and narcissus (Narcisus Poeticus) are found. A lot of species of mushrooms are located in region’s oak forests. Big mammals survive in Pogoni, such as wolves, wild boars, otters, foxes, badgers, ferrets, weasels, hares and squirrels. Occasionally, in the region they can also be found wild goats and bears. Important is the presence of many predatory and other rare animals, such as sfikiaris, asproparis, the saini, eagles, chrysaetos, stayraetos and mesotsiklitara. Many species of butterflies, incisions, amphibians, reptiles and fishes supplement the fauna of Pogoni.


Pogoni, because of its location as an historical passage to Albania and reversely, was exposed to raids and crossings of various tribes having as a result to present a big mobility and intermarriage of populations, fact that is also reflected in the popular culture of the region. Numerous archaeological locations with surface relics testify the continuous human presence in the region, from the prehistoric era till the first Christian years. Tombs that are dated in the precocious iron era were revealed in the location “Paliouria”, Palaiopyrgos and “Gklava of Kato Meropi from the archaeologist Andreou. The traces of ceramic kiln in “Gklaba of Kato Meropi are dated  at the 11th century B.C. The ruins of ancient citadels, pill works and numerous utilitarian objects confirm the historicity of the region. In the antiquity, Pogoni constituted, at least to a great extent, part of Molossus country. A dark period of agitations, conflicts, raids and destructions will follow that will lead to the desolation of the region until 3rd century B.C., where the king of Epirus, Pyrros, extends the limits of Vassilios to Macedonia and revives the region. The Roman conquest (167 B.C.) will flatten many Molossus cities plundering and exterminating their population having as a result a new desolation of the region. The first Christian years will find the deserted region to try to erect its stature. However, the emperor of Byzantium Konstantinos Pogonatos passing from the region, during the 7th century A.D., founds Pogoniani and rebuilds Molybdoskepasti abbey. From the 11th century A.D. Normand raids succeed one another until the foundation of Epirus Despotate occurs, which leads to a two centuries’ period of peacefulness and quietness. After the Serbs’ raids (14th century) a lot of residents migrate to the neighboring countries. By the 15th century abbeys, bridges and paths are built with money provided by immigrants of Pogonisi. During the whole Ottoman Empire a rebellious Pogoni does not complacent at all; as such, it remains one of the few regions of Ioannina without privileges. Pogoni is released from the Ottoman Empire in 1913 but during World War II it will relive the whirlwind of invaders, the destruction and desolation that will stigmatize the area until nowadays.

Logo Polysong 1


sitemap polysong


NOTE! This site uses cookies and similar technologies.

If you not change browser settings, you agree to it. Learn more

I understand